AIRPORTAVIATIONINSIGHTS

Istanbul New Airport Will Have Up To 200 Million Capacity

Istanbul New Airport - Departure

Istanbul New Airport slates to open in 2018 as one of the world’s largest. 

Istanbul New Airport

The airport will be used as the centerpiece to connect passengers around the world. It will be constructed on the European side of Istanbul between Tayakadın and Akpınar villages along the Black Sea coast. It is located roughly 50km (31 miles) northwest of downtown Istanbul. When it opens in 2018, the airport will replace the older Atatürk Airport (IST) which will be closed.

Istanbul New Airport Location
Istanbul New Airport Location
Source: IGA İstanbul Yeni Havalimanı İnşaatı

Construction Phases and Timelines

Istanbul New Airport will be completed through four phases. Planning started in 2013 with construction of the first terminal began in 2015. When the master plan is completed, it will have six parallel runways capable of handing all aircrafts types (including the Airbus A380 and the future Boeing 777X).

Phase 1

  • A main terminal with a total passenger capacity of 90 million, capable of all kinds of equipment for the use of passengers with an area of 680,000 m2 (7,300,000 sq ft).
  • Second terminal building or two satellite terminals. (170,000 m2 (1,800,000 sq ft))
  • 88 aircraft passenger bridges at terminals
  • Indoor parking with 12,000 vehicles capacity
  • 3 independent runways that are more than 11,000 feet in length and capable to handle all commercial aircraft types
  • 8 parallel taxiways
  • Approximately 4,000,000 m2 (43,000,000 sq ft) apron
  • 3 technical blocks,
  • 1 air traffic control tower
  • VIP Lounge
  • Cargo and general aviation terminals
  • Other services including hospitals, prayer rooms, convention centers
  • High Speed Train service to downtown Istanbul
Istanbul New Airport Phase 1
Phase 1 Combined
Source: IGA İstanbul Yeni Havalimanı İnşaatı

Estimated Time of Completion – First half of 2018 to second half of 2020

Phase 2

  • 1 runway  that is more than 11,000 feet in length and capable to handle all commercial aircraft types
  • 3 parallel taxiways
Istanbul New Airport Phase 2
Phase 2
Source: IGA İstanbul Yeni Havalimanı İnşaatı

Estimated Time of Completion – Second half of 2022

Phase 3

  • A terminal with a capacity of 30 million passengers, built at sea side in an area of 500,000 m2 (5,400,000 sq ft)
  • 1 runway that is more than 11,000 feet in length and capable to handle all commercial aircraft types
  • 1 parallel taxiway
  • Apron
Phase 3
Phase 3
Source: IGA İstanbul Yeni Havalimanı İnşaatı

Estimated Time of Completion – Between 2022 – 2028 based on demands

Phase 4

  • A terminal with a capacity of 30 million passengers, built in an area of 340,000 m2 (3,700,000 sq ft)
  • 1 runway that is more than 11,000 feet in length and capable to handle all commercial aircraft types
Istanbul New Airport Phase 4
Phase 4
Source: IGA İstanbul Yeni Havalimanı İnşaatı

Estimated Time of Completion – Second half of 2028

Capacity Analysis

The airport will have four terminals featuring multiple concourses. The first will have an initial passenger capacity of 90 million which will make it the largest in the world under one roof.  Phase 2-4 of the project will expand this capacity to 150 million passengers within ten years. The maximum capacity is estimated at 200 million passengers.

The following is a chart that compares this capacity to the world’s busiest airports (Insight for 2014 Figures – March 31, 2015)

Istanbul New Airport Capacity Analysis
Capacity Analysis Compared to Actual Passenger Count with 2014 Busiest Airports of the World by Passengers 
Source: IGA İstanbul Yeni Havalimanı İnşaatı, other airports have estimated 2015 passenger statistics except for London Heathrow Airport which has actual published figures.

When it opens, the new airport should have no problems managing projected growth as noted in the chart below. The 13th busiest airport of the world (Atatürk Airport – IST) handled 56.7 million passengers in 2014.  This number could increase to beyond 80 million if the current 10% growth rate is applied.

Passenger Projection for Istanbul Artutak Airport From 2014-2018
Passenger Projection for Istanbul Atatürk Airport from 2014-2018
Source: Actual 2014 passenger count with 10% incremental increase from 2015-2018

Turkish Airlines

Turkish Airlines (TK) will be the home carrier of the new airport. In 2014, the Star Alliance member handled over 90% of the traffic at IST. It currently serves more than 250 destinations worldwide in six continents.  It has close to 300 aircrafts in service and has an order for more than 180 for delivery in the next 5 years.

Istanbul New Airport - Turkish Airlines
Istanbul New Airport – Turkish Airlines
Source: http://nordicarch.com/

While TK has not announced its final plans, it is likely that the airline will move its entire operations from IST and Sabiha Gökçen International Airport (SAW) into this facility to ease connections.

Intermodal Connectivity

Istanbul New Airport will build a Passenger Transit Unit that will host an express train service as well as subway lines into the downtown core.

Istanbul New Airport - Layout
Istanbul New Airport – Layout
Source: http://nordicarch.com/

It will also play host for other modes of transportation and a car park with more than 24,000 spaces available for short and long term usage.

Design

Nordic — Office of Architecture, Grimshaw Architects and Haptic Architects was appointed by the Turkish consortium of Cengiz, MAPA, Limak, Kolin and Kalyon to design the terminal complex for the Istanbul New Airport.

Istanbul New Airport - Terminal 1 Aerial View
Istanbul New Airport – Terminal 1 Aerial View
Source: http://nordicarch.com/
Istanbul New Airport Terminal 1 Render
Istanbul New Airport Terminal 1 Render
Source: http://nordicarch.com/

From its chief design team ,”In­ter­nally, the vaulted ceil­ing geom­e­try gives a strong sense of di­rec­tion­al­ity, from land­side to air­side, but also re­sponds to peo­ple tra­vers­ing the ter­mi­nal along its length. The roof and lay­out de­sign will re­in­force pas­sen­ger flows, while en­hanc­ing pas­sen­ger ex­pe­ri­ence with in­tu­itive wayfind­ing. Sky­lights pro­vide nat­ural day­light, which is dif­fused through the ceil­ing via fo­cused beams of di­rect sun­light. This day­light high­lights key ar­eas in the ter­mi­nal such as check-in, se­cu­rity, pass­port con­trol and the re­tail en­vi­ron­ment.

The ever-chang­ing hues and tones of Is­tan­bul in­spire the in­te­ri­ors, where a slat­ted roof is lay­ered to re­veal a play of light, a sub­tle range of blue colours and a dis­creet geo­met­ric pat­tern. The build-up of the roof is un­der­pinned by a strong struc­tural logic, whilst evok­ing the city’s rich ar­chi­tec­tural her­itage.”

The design team created a multipurpose plaza landside with the purpose to:

  1. Provide a space for passengers to spend time with their love ones prior to departure
  2. Provide amenities for nearby airport city workers
  3. Provide a unique experience for nearby residents to spend time at the airport as part of daily life.

After security, passengers are treated with the world’s biggest duty free area and a retail space of around 100,000 m2 (over 1,000,000 square feet).

Istanbul New Airport - Shopping
Istanbul New Airport – Shopping
Source: http://nordicarch.com/

AECOM and Pininfarina‘s design for an air traffic control tower in the shape of a giant tulip was picked for the airport. The design won praises for its futuristic design elements and paid tribute to Turkish Airlines’ tulip designs painted on some of its aircrafts’ fuselage.

Istanbul New Airport Control Tower
Istanbul New Airport Control Tower
Source: Aecom/Pininfarina
Istanbul New Airport Control Tower
Istanbul New Airport Control Tower from Inside an Aircraft
Source: Aecom/Pininfarina

Analysis

Istanbul is not the only city with ambitious airport plans. The following is a few examples of cities with airport developments that will build higher capacity:

  1. Dubai announced it will be expanding its Al Maktoum Airport located 23 miles (~37 km) outside of the city. It will have the capacity to handle 200 million passengers and will be a focal point for the Dubai World Central development.
  2. When Singapore’s Changi Airport completes Terminal 4 (2017) and Terminal 5 (mid 2020s), it will be able to handle more than 140 million passengers.
    Singapore Changi Airport Terminal 5 Render
    Singapore Changi Airport Terminal 5 Render
    Source: Daily Mail UK

    The innovated airport (News – November 11, 2015) will be home to the world’s first Airbus A350-900ULR aircraft ordered by Singapore Airlines (News – October 13, 2015). The design will be focused on the world’s tallest indoor waterfall at 130ft.

    Singapore Changi Airport - Terminal 5 Waterfall Render
    Singapore Changi Airport – Terminal 5 Waterfall Render
    Source: Ateliert Ten/Changi Airport
  3. Ahead of the 2020 Olympics, Japanese Transport Ministry Panel’s recommended that Tokyo’s Haneda Airport (HND) should increase capacity through increased slot allocation and runway improvements (News – February 6, 2015). The modifications can yield a 10% improvement in capacity to 100 million.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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